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Jury General Information

Jury Home Page -- Frequently Asked Questions 

The District Clerk accepts calls Monday through Friday from 8:00 A.M. to 4:30 P.M. at (432) 498-4290.  



Did you know that a citizen's right to a trial by jury can be traced back to both the United States Constitution and the Texas Declaration of Independence? Although the right to a jury trial is considered a fundamental safeguard of each American's constitutional liberties, the concept of a jury trial is hardly new, dating back to medieval England.

Your jury summons puts you in the center of this most basic right of all Americans. The United States and the State of Texas Constitutions guarantee a right to trial by jury for anyone accused of a crime, regardless of his or her race, religion, gender, national origin or economic status. Any time the facts of a civil or criminal case are in dispute, the parties have a right to have their case heard by a jury of fair and impartial citizens who will make decisions without bias or prejudice.

To Have a Jury Trial, There Must Be a Jury

And, to have a jury, citizens from all walks of life must be called upon to participate. Because you have received a jury summons, you are now part of this important process.

In a sense, it is an adventure. You have the opportunity to see the justice system in action, meet a wide range of people, and if you are chosen to serve on a jury, you will participate in one of this country's most fundamental processes.

Although appearing for jury duty may disrupt your daily routine, we ask that you participate with an open mind, patience, and an understanding of the essential role you have in our justice system.

Jury Selection Process

The process for selecting prospective jurors is mandated by state law.  If you are a registered voter, have a Texas driver's license or a Texas personal identification card and you live in Ector County, your name is entered in a computer system designed to randomly select prospective jurors.

Ector County provides jurors for twelve courts within Ector County.  Those courts include 5 District Courts, 3 County Courts, and 4 Justice Courts.  The District Clerk and the County Clerk prepare a random selection of names, which are retrieved at least a month prior to the service date. Those selected receive a summons which is mailed by the Court Clerk for the Courts with scheduled trials.

Because the names in our jury pool are provided by two different sources there is the potential of having a juror’s name on our system more than once.  The Secretary of State combines the names from the voter registration list and the DPS list; however, their software cannot detect duplicates if there is any difference in name or address between the two sources.  This makes it possible for a person to receive more than one jury summons within a short period of time.  If this occurs please refer to the exemption section of your summons for “having appeared for service in the previous 3 months.”


A person called for jury service may be excused from jury duty in certain circumstances.  These reasons for exemption do not disqualify you from serving; even though you may qualify for an exemption you do not have to claim the exemption, but certain circumstances can impose considerable hardship for some people.  If any of the exemptions apply, and you wish to claim the exemption, you must complete the form, check off the applicable exemption listed on the back of the summons and return the summons to the Court Clerk in the return envelope you received with your summons.  You will not need to appear unless you receive notice the exemption was denied. You will not receive confirmation if an exemption is accepted.  Legal exemptions are as follows:

  • over seventy-five (75) years of age
  • legal custody of children under twelve (12) years old when jury service would leave those children without adequate supervision
    • (this does not apply to those who work outside the home during normal business hours or those whose children are in a daycare facility during the day)
  • students in private or public high schools or attending an institution of higher education
    • (you must be enrolled and attending classes at the time you are summoned to appear)
  • associated with the legislative branch as an officer or an employee of the senate, house of representatives, or any department, commission, board, office, or other agency in the legislative branch of state government.
  • have appeared as a petit juror in the county during the 6 month period preceding the date he/she is to appear.
    • (this does not apply to those who have served in a city or federal court)
  • primary caretakers of a person unable to care for themselves
    • (this does not apply to health care workers)
  • have a medical condition and submit physician's documentation of such with the sworn Medical Exemption Affidavit Form.
  • If you are a member of the United States military forces serving on active duty and deployed to a location away from your home station and out of your county of residence.

 Non-Allowable Exemptions

There are several common reasons given by prospective jurors for exemption which are not allowable:

  • being the sole owner of a business or commission sales
  • having an employer who will not pay you for your jury service
  • frequent travel for business
  • having a lack of transportation

Jury Duty and Your Job

The law protects your job while you are fulfilling your jury duty and you cannot be fired for serving.  However, your employer is not required to pay you for the time missed from work while on jury duty.  If you need proof of jury service for your employer, one can be provided to you by the Court Clerk.

Statutory Qualifications

In order for a person to serve as a juror they must meet certain qualifications.  The qualifications are listed on your summons next to the exemptions.  Unlike exemptions, if you do not meet all the qualifications you cannot serve on a jury and you must complete the sworn affidavit form and return it to the Court Clerk.  You do not need to appear and you will not receive confirmation from Jury Services.

A person is qualified to serve as a juror if that person:

  • is at least 18 years of age.
  • is a resident of Ector County and you must be a United States citizen.
  • is qualified under the constitution and laws to vote in Ector County.
    • (you do not have to be a registered voter to serve)
  • is of sound mind and good moral character.
  • is able to read and write.
  • has not served as a petit juror for 6 days in the preceding 6 months in a district court or 6 days in the preceding 3 months in a county court.
  • has not been convicted of a misdemeanor theft or any felony.
  • is not under indictment or other legal accusation for a theft or any felony.

Tips to Make Your Jury Service More Enjoyable

Knowing where you are going and what to expect when you get there can make any experience more enjoyable, and jury service is no exception.  Getting to the Ector County Courts Building, finding the Central Jury Room, and arriving prepared aren't nearly as tough as you might think.

Come Prepared

You must bring your jury summons and questionnaire with you when you report for jury duty.  If you failed to return your information form, please complete the form and bring it with you when you report.  In addition, you may want to bring something to do while you wait in the Central Jury Room.  Jury duty does involve some waiting, so a good book or handwork will help pass the time.  You may also want to bring money for snacks, drinks and lunch.  There are vending machines for snacks during breaks, so plan to have plenty of change.

Dress the Part

You may be selected for, and actually serve, on a jury the day you are summoned, so it is important that you dress appropriately.  Jury service is serious business, and you should dress accordingly. Business attire is recommended. Shorts, tank tops and flip-flop sandals are not considered appropriate attire for court.  Jeans are allowed.  When in doubt, dress seriously but with comfort in mind.  Jury service can involve a good deal of sitting.

What Your Jury Service Involves

Once you have arrived at the Central Jury Room, your jury service is underway.  You will find that the system is set up to guide you along with clear instructions throughout the process.  Whether you are selected as a juror or not, you will still be providing an essential part of the trial-by-jury system.

Where To Go Once You've Arrived at the Courthouse

Free parking is available all around the Courthouse and a map is included with your summons depicting recommended parking locations.  Jurors may use the 2-hour and metered parking around the courthouse without the need to move their vehicle or pay the usual meter fees.  Before you are allowed to enter the building you will pass through a metal detector.  Please remember that absolutely no weapons of any kind are allowed in the building: guns, knives, pepper spray, mace, etc…

Your jury service starts in the Central Jury Room #323, located on the 3rd floor of the Courthouse.  Elevators to the 3rd floor are located at both the north and south ends of the building.  There are two main stairwells that are open for easy public access.  There are restrooms on the third floor and vending machines for beverages and snacks are also available.

What To Expect

When you arrive in the Central Jury Room, please turn in your juror questionnaire to the Court Clerk.  After all prospective jurors have checked in, a brief orientation will be given by a trial judge. The judge will go over the disqualifications and exemptions that were listed on the summons.  Those who believe they may be disqualified and those with possible exemptions will be given the opportunity at this point to come forward and be heard by the impaneling judge.

Prospective jurors are assigned to panels, smaller groups from which jurors are selected.  Those impaneled jurors are taken to a courtroom by a bailiff.  Once in the courtroom, jurors are briefed by the judge and questioned by attorneys for both sides until the jurors who will hear the case are chosen. Once the jury has been selected, those persons on the panel who are not chosen are released.  There may be panels assigned on that first day of jury service that will be asked to return for cases beginning later in the week or the next week.  Upon request, jurors will be provided with a letter for their employer stating that they appeared and if/when they are expected to return to complete their service.  Your jury service is only for the seven days immediately following the day you are summoned.  The only way your service would extend past one week is if you are selected as a juror in a trial that goes into the next week.

Approximately 20% of prospective jurors are selected for trials.  If you aren't selected to sit as a juror on a case, you can expect to be released for the week.  If you are selected, you will serve for one trial.  Surprisingly, the average trial only lasts 1 to three (3) days.

Getting Paid for Jury Service

Jurors are paid for their service.  Each juror receives twenty dollars ($20) a day for the first day that they appear and fifty-eight dollars ($58) a day for the second and any subsequent day of required appearance for jury service.  Payments are processed at the end of jury service, and a check is mailed to each juror within two to three weeks of their service.

You've Been Selected for a Jury -- What Now?

Approximately 20% of those summoned to jury duty are chosen to serve on a jury.  So, there is a good chance that you will be released from your jury service after the first or second day.  If you are selected to serve, this will be an opportunity to see firsthand our justice system in action.

A Day in the Life of a Juror

Each trial is as unique as the people involved, and there is no way to predict how long each trial will last. A trial can last a day or take two or three days; they are seldom much longer.

During the trial, the judge will tell you what time you need to be in court each day and what time to expect each day to end. You will also be given a break for lunch, which you may choose to take at one of the many restaurants located within walking or driving distance of the courthouse.

Trials follow a set procedure which you may find familiar.

Opening Statements: Attorneys for each side may explain the case, outline any evidence they will present, and discuss the issues you will decide. This is usually a broad statement which sets the stage for witnesses and the details to follow.

Presentation of Evidence: Testimony of witnesses and exhibits are all evidence.  Any exhibits will be available to the jury during their deliberations.  Because you will be deciding the case based on the facts presented, it is very important to pay close attention to all evidence.

Rulings by the Judge: The judge may be asked to decide questions of law during the trial.  The judge may ask jurors to leave the courtroom while lawyers make legal arguments.  If this happens, understand that these issues must be decided so that proper evidence can be considered by the jury.

Instruction to the Jury: After all evidence has been presented, the judge may give the jury the Charge of the Court. This includes legal instructions about the case and the questions the jury must answer.

Closing Arguments: This gives the lawyers an opportunity to summarize the evidence and to try to persuade the jury to accept their client's view of the case.

Jury Deliberations and Decision: After hearing the closing arguments, the jury is sent to deliberate. During deliberations, members of the jury will decide how they will answer the questions presented in the Charge of the Court and then return a final verdict.

Sequestered Juries

Sequestered juries are very rare. Before you are assigned to such a jury, you will have an opportunity to discuss any problems this might create with the judge.

Still Have Questions?

If you still have questions about your summons or jury duty, please call the Court Clerk listed on your jury summons.  The District Clerk may be reached at (432) 498-4290 and the County Clerk may be reached at (432) 498-4130. We understand you have questions, and we will do everything we can to make your jury service easy and as interesting as possible.  We rely upon our citizens to keep our justice system running, and we thank you in advance for the very important part you play.