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Texas Counties Deliver
Criminal Department

Thousands of misdemeanor criminal cases are filed and disposed of at the county court level each year. The Constitutional County Court, County Court at Law and County Court at Law #2 are supported by the county clerk with original jurisdiction encompassing class A and B misdemeanors and appellate cases originally tried in justice and municipal courts.
 
A misdemeanor case for the county court will usually originate in the office of the county attorney. There, a citizen or peace officer will swear out a complaint alleging that a misdemeanor has been committed. If the county attorney decides that there is probable cause for prosecution and that jurisdiction in the matter lies within the county court, the attorney will have the complaint issued from the attorney's office and filed with the county clerk. The clerk will also receive a document called the information, which is the county attorney's formal charge against the defendant. The information serves the same purpose in county court as an indictment does in district court. The clerk should have both the complaint and the information documents before filing the case.
 
The clerk's duties in criminal cases are varied and include filing cases, issuing processes, maintaining records of proceedings, collecting costs and fines, and appeals.
 
The following list contains the most typical cases filed at the county court level:
Driving while intoxicated
Driving while license suspended
Theft over $20 and under $1,500
Possession of dangerous drugs (other than narcotics)
Assault
Fleeing a peace officer (by operator of motor vehicle)
Resisting Arrest
Carrying a prohibited weapon
Unlawfully carrying a weapon
Criminal Mischief
Criminal Trespass
Possession of Marijuana
Appeals from Justice Court
Appeals from Municipal Court

Motion and Order for Release of Cash Bond

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